Various Types of Fasteners Used in CNC Machining--cncmass.com(bead blast Dale)
- source:NEWRGY CNC Machining
CNC machining is a versatile manufacturing process that involves the use of computer numerical control (CNC) machines to produce precise and intricate parts from various materials. This technology has revolutionized modern production methods, making it faster, more efficient, and accurate than traditional machining techniques. However, the success of CNC machining heavily relies on the quality and functionality of fasteners used to secure components during the manufacturing process. In this article, we will explore the different types of fasteners commonly employed in CNC machining.
1. Bolts and screws:
Bolts and screws are perhaps the most widely used fasteners across various industries. These threaded cylindrical rods play a vital role in securing two or more parts together firmly. Bolts typically require nuts for installation, while screws have threads incorporated into their design, allowing them to be directly driven into pre-threaded holes. CNC machines often utilize bolts and screws made of stainless steel, carbon steel, or alloy steel due to their excellent tensile strength and resistance to corrosion.
Nuts complement bolts by providing a sturdy connection when tightened against another object. They come in different shapes and sizes, such as hexagonal, square, or round. CNC machines frequently utilize lock nuts, which feature an added element of resilience against vibrations to maintain tight connections even under immense stress. Nylon-insert lock nuts are also prevalent as they prevent loosening caused by vibrations or movements.
Washers are relatively small, thin discs with a hole in the center that provides essential support between the bolt head or nut and the surface being fastened. They distribute the load evenly, reducing the risk of damage to the material being clamped. Flat washers and spring washers are commonly used in CNC machining. Flat washers offer stability, while spring washers provide extra tension and absorb shocks, ensuring a secure fit.
Rivets are permanent fasteners used when welding or screwing may not be feasible due to accessibility or other constraints. These cylindrical pins have a head on one end and are passed through pre-drilled holes on the parts to be joined, securing them in place by deforming or "peening" the opposite end. CNC machining often employs solid rivets made of materials like aluminum or steel for their reliability and durability.
5. Retaining rings:
Retaining rings, also known as snap rings or circlips, are small metal rings that fit into machined grooves to secure components axially or radially. They prevent shafts, bearings, or any other rotating or sliding part from axial movement. CNC machines typically use external retaining rings fitted around shafts or internal retaining rings installed inside bores.
6. Inserts and threaded inserts:
Threaded inserts enhance the capability of CNC machines to provide strong, wear-resistant threads within various materials such as wood, plastic, or metal. They are pressed, molded, or screwed into pre-drilled holes, enabling multiple assemblies or disassemblies without compromising strength. Helical coil inserts, commonly referred to as Heli-Coil, are popular as they create stronger and more reliable threads than ordinary tapped holes.
Fasteners play a crucial role in ensuring the success and accuracy of CNC machining operations. The right choice of bolts, screws, nuts, washers, rivets, retaining rings, and inserts ensures that all components are securely held together during the manufacturing process. By understanding the different types and properties of fasteners involved in CNC machining, manufacturers can optimize their production procedures, achieve better quality products, and improve overall efficiency. CNC Milling CNC Machining