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Zinc Pressure Die Casting: A Primer

Zinc pressure die casting is a popular manufacturing process for producing high volumes of metal components with excellent dimensional consistency. This process involves forcing molten zinc alloy into reusable steel molds under high pressure. The zinc solidifies rapidly inside the die, allowing for fast cycle times and efficient production of complex, thin-walled parts. Here is an overview of zinc die casting and its key benefits:

How Zinc Pressure Die Casting Works

- The zinc alloy, consisting mainly of zinc with small amounts of aluminum and copper, is melted to temperatures of around 385–450°C in a crucible.

- The liquid zinc is injected into the steel die tool at high speeds and under pressures of 1000 to 2000 psi using a hydraulic or mechanical piston.

- The pressure holds the metal in intimate contact with the die as it solidifies, minimizing shrinkage and producing good surface finish on the castings.

- Once the zinc has cooled and solidified, the die opens and the casting is automatically ejected. This cycle then repeats at a high rate.

Advantages of Zinc Die Casting

- Excellent dimensional consistency and reproducibility from part to part with very little secondary machining required. Tolerances down to ±0.001 inches are possible.

- Ability to produce complex, intricate shapes with good surface finishes. Thin walls, deep recesses, and detailed features can be cast.

- Fast production rates and high volume capabilities of up to several hundred thousand castings per week. Automation allows rapid cycling.

- Zinc alloy casts have moderate strength and shock resistance. They can be chrome plated for corrosion resistance.

- Low melting point of zinc alloy allows dies to last longer than with higher melting point metals like aluminum and magnesium.

- Zinc is more environmentally friendly and economical compared to other die casting metals. Scrap is 100% recyclable.

Common Zinc Die Casting Applications

Here are some common products made using zinc die casting due to its advantages:

- Hardware components such as locks, door handles, and plumbing fittings

- Automotive parts like door handles, keys, and gear shifter components

- Electronic enclosures, heat sinks, and EMI shielding

- Toys, novelty items, and consumer products

- Medical and dental equipment like instrument housings and orthodontic braces

Precifine Die and Casting

Precifine Die and Casting is a leading manufacturer of zinc die cast tooling, parts, and prototypes. Their engineers work closely with customers through the design process to create innovative zinc casting solutions. Some of their capabilities include:

- In-house tool and fixture design utilizing advanced CAD software and CNC machining

- Manufacturing a broad range of zinc die casting molds from simple 2-plate to complex multi-slide tools

- State-of-the-art fully automated zinc die casting machines for high productivity

- Secondary finishing operations such as CNC machining, plating, painting, and assembly

- Low-volume prototyping in addition to long-term high-volume production programs

- Casting a variety zinc alloys from very high-purity to high-strength specialty blends

- Complete in-house metallurgical lab for alloy mixing, testing, and analysis

Precifine provides complete turnkey solutions for zinc die casting projects. Their expertise helps optimize designs for manufacturability and casting quality.


Zinc pressure die casting provides an efficient and economical way of producing high quality, complex metal components in large volumes. Its dimensional consistency, production rates, design flexibility and lower costs make it ideal for many applications. Working with an experienced partner like Precifine early in the product development process allows leveraging the full benefits of zinc die casting. Their knowledge and capabilities around tooling design, casting alloys, secondary finishing, and quality control can help bring products from concept to full production effectively. CNC Milling CNC Machining